Glenn Schwartz’s excavations at Umm el-Marra yield evidence of elite kunga equids, oldest human-engineered hybrids

Skeletons of over 30 equids found inside their own tombs at Umm el-Marra have been identified as the elite kunga equids referred to in third-millennium Syrian and Mesopotamian texts. DNA analysis confirms the hypothesis that they were a hybrid of a female donkey and male wild ass.