Michael Harrower is an archaeologist whose research concentrates on long-term histories from the beginnings of agriculture through the rise of ancient states across Southern Arabia and the Horn of Africa. His interests in archaeological theory center on the interface of scientific and humanistic perspectives in archaeology especially as expressed in studies of environmental and social landscapes. Thematically, his recent research concentrates on spatial, political and ideological dynamics of water. Methodologically, he is a specialist in Geographic Information Systems (GIS) mapping, satellite imagery, advanced GPS, and ancient irrigation.
Harrower's current fieldwork in Oman and Ethiopia includes a NASA-funded study of long-term water histories using a combination of archaeological survey (exploration) and satellite imagery analysis. In Ethiopia, investigations have recently concentrated on Pre-Aksumite through Late-Aksumite (1000 BC to 700 AD) settlement patterns, and excavations of the newly discovered ancient town of Beita Semati. In Oman, recent research has involved wide-ranging archaeological survey along with satellite imagery detection of copper resources and past irrigation.